N-600: Certificate of Citizenship
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Form N-600 is used when applying for a Certificate of Citizenship, but who is eligible to use it and under what circumstances is it the best option?
N-600 applicants should already be U.S Citizens
It’s important to point out here that applying for a Certificate of Citizenship is not the same as making a formal application for citizenship via naturalization (Form N-400). People who apply for Certificates of Citizenship should already be U.S citizens, who are looking to prove their citizenship.
Who is eligible to use Form N-600 to apply for a Certificate of Citizenship?
You can apply for a Certificate of Citizenship if, as already mentioned, you are already a U.S citizen, who was born outside the United States. That becomes the case if your parent was a U.S citizen. You can also apply for a Citizenship Certificate if you were not born a citizen of the U.S, but acquired your citizenship status before getting to the age of 18. This is usually the case for anyone who was adopted by a U.S citizen parent. Note: Step-children cannot acquire U.S. Citizenship under this provision.
Born outside the United States to a U.S citizen parent
There are different considerations when it comes to Form N-600, depending on when the applicant was born. The Citizenship laws that were in effect when you were born are used when considering your application for citizenship status. There are also other laws that are applicable, depending on whether or not the applicant for a Certificate of Citizenship was born when his or her parents were legally married. Thorough investigation is necessary, which is why it is crucial to have an experienced professional research and prepare your case.
Applying for a Certificate of Citizenship if you became a U.S citizen after birth but before reaching the age of 18
In general, the following conditions need to be met in their entirety in order for an individual who acquired U.S citizenship after birth but before turning 18 to be eligible for a Certificate of Citizenship;
- The applicant needs to have a U.S citizen parent
- The applicant needs to be either a biological or adopted child of the parent who is a U.S citizen.
- The applicant should be eligible for U.S permanent residence.
- The applicant needs to be physically living in the United States under the care of their parent who is a citizen of the United States.
Who is not eligible to apply for an N-600 Certificate of Citizenship?
Despite the fact that the N-600 certificate is aimed for use by citizens of the United States who are looking to acquire a Certificate of Citizenship, there are circumstances where Form N-600 may not be the best tool when applying for a Certificate of Citizenship:
- Where you are not a citizen of the United States
- When neither of your parents or your adoptive parents were Citizens of the United States
- If your parent, who is a citizen of the United States, regularly lives outside the U.S. If that is the case, you should, instead, use Form N-600K.
- An applicant who was born before their parents had become legally married, if the applicant did not acquire his/her citizenship status before reaching the age of 16, and if the applicant’s father was his/her sole parent who was a citizen of the United States.
- Applicants that wish to replace a Certificate of Citizenship that has either been lost or stolen. Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, should, instead, be used when applying for replacement of a lost or stolen Certificate of Citizenship.
- If you have previously submitted Form N-600, and if your application was denied.
Documentary evidence that is needed in your case
In order to have your application for a Certificate of citizenship accepted, you need to provide proof that you are already a citizen of the United States. The documents that you may need to submit alongside your N-600 form (given the facts of your case) are:
Recent pictures of applicant
When submitting your N-600 forms, you need to also submit two identical color photographs of yourself. These pictures;
- Must have been taken within the previous 30 days of your submitting your N-600 application
- Must have a white/off-white background.
- Need to be printed on glossy paper or
- Can be a digital photo of no less than 3.5 megapixels
- 2 by 2 inches in size
- Should have been taken with you facing the camera
- Should not include any headwear, unless that is necessary for religious reasons
- Must have your Alien Registration Number and name written (in print) using a felt pen or a pencil on the back of the picture.
Marriage and birth certificates
You must submit alongside your application for a Certificate of Citizenship your birth certificate. You should also include a copy of your U.S citizen parent’s birth certificate. Also required is a marriage certificate belonging to your parent who is a citizen of the United States. Where the marriage ended in divorce or death, a divorce certificate or a death certificate is required.
Proof your parent is a citizen of the United States
Your application for a Certificate of Citizenship also needs to be accompanied by proof that your parent is a citizen on the United States. Examples of such proof include;
- A United States birth certificate
- A Certificate of Naturalization (Form N-550)
- A Certificate of Citizenship (Form-560)
- Report of Birth Abroad of United States Citizen (Form FS-240)
- A United States Passport. This needs to be valid and not expired.
- Other evidence that indirectly proves that you are a citizen of the United States.
Proof of U.S. Citizen Parent’s required physical presence in the U.S.
U.S. Citizen parent’s physical presence in the U.S. prior to the applicant’s birth can include:
- School records
- Job records
- Military records
- Mortgages, lease and deed documents showing that you are living in the U.S
- Social Security reports (quarterly).
- Written testimonies from people who can vouch for your residence in the United States.
On top of the forms what we have just mentioned above, you may also need to provide additional evidence, when applying for an N-600 Certificate of Citizenship. That’s all going to be dependent on your personal situation and the law that was in place at the time you were born.
Don’t Risk Rejection: Talk to us today
Getting all the information and details that are needed in order to file a successful N-600 Certificate of Citizenship application tends to be an involved process. It can also be difficult for you to make sure that all the documents that you submit are in the right format. This can lead to inordinate delays. Improperly submitted documents can also lead to your entire application being rejected and worse, denied.
That is why you should make sure that you get help from professionals before making your N-600 Certificate of Citizenship application.
Contact us today.